"THE OTHER SEX": A SOCIAL HISTORY OF GENDER IN CENTRAL EUROPE (1860-1930)
Winter term 1995
Susan Zimmermann
Department of History
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY





Course Description

The course combines the teaching of basic knowledge on the social history of gender in Central Europe with the discussion of various patterns of socioeconomic and political developments in the region from a gender-related perspective. The lectures and the active participation of the students should:
- widen the understanding of the role of gender in the process of modernization;
- widen the understanding of the consequences of specific patterns of modernization in Central Europe for gender relations and the status of women in society

The assessment of the students is based on:
- active participation in all the units of the course;
- presentation and written submission of a short lecture/paper reflecting different approaches to one of the topics of the course within current gender history; the paper of 10 to 12 pages has to confirm formally to international scientific standards.

Lectures Include:

- Introduction (Video: The "One-Kitchen-House" Vienna [1927])
- Law and the subordination of women: civil codes and reform efforts
- Gendered democracy? the rocky road to general suffrage
- Delayed or different? the expansion of women's education
- Bourgeois privacy and women's work: from upper class leisure to middle class employment?
- From female proletarian to working mother? the sexual division of labor and the changing lives of women in the lower classes
- Welfare for women? forming gender relations through social policy, poor relief and welfare reform
- "Living from digrace": prostitution and the "morality question"
- Gendered nationalism? women and nationality conflicts in the Habsburg Monarchy
- Did they matter? feminist movements and the changes in the status of women in society
- Conclusion: the patterns of modernization in Central Europe: women - work - social reproduction - civil society - the state

Required reading:
Genevieve Fraisse, Reason's Muse. Sexual Difference and the Birth of Democracy, Chicago/London 1994
Ute Gerhard, Women žn German History. From Bourgeois Emancipation to Sexual Liberation, New York etc. 1993
Linda Gordon (ed.), Women, the State, and Welfare, Madison, London 1990
Pat Hudson, W.R. Lee (eds.), Women's Work and the Family Economy in Historical Perspective, Manchester/New York l990
Linda Mahood, The Magdalones. Prostitution in the Nineteenth Century, London, New York 1990

Suggested reading:
Barbara Alpern Engel, Between the Fields and the City. Women, Work, and Family in Russia, 1861-1914, Cambridge 1994
Ann Taylor Allen, Feminism and Motherhood in Germany 1800-1914, New Brunswick 1991
Gisela Bock P. Thane (eds.), Maternity and Gender Politics. Women and the Rise of the European Welfare States 1880-1950, London 1991
Renate Bridenthal, C. Koonz, S. Stuard (eds.), Becoming Visible. Women in European History, Boston etc. 1987
Stephanie Coontz, The Social Origins of Private Life
K David, Czech Feminists and Nationalism in the Late Habsburg Monarchy, in: Journal of Women's History, 3, 1991.
Carol Dyhouse, Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939, Oxford 1989
John C. Fout, German Women žn the Nineteenth Century. A Social History, New York, London l984
Helmut Gruber, Working Class Women in Red Vienna: Socialist Concept of the "New Women" v. the Reality of the Triple burden, in: Friedhelm Boll (ed.), Arbeiterkultur zwischen Alltag und Politik. Beitrage zum europaischen Vergleich in der Zwischenkriegszeit, Wien, Munchen, Zurich 1986
Helmut Gruber, Sexuality in "Red Vienna": Socialist Party Conceptions and Programs and Working-class Life, 1920-34, in: Working-Class History, 31, 1987
Gabor Gyani, Women as Domestic Servants: The Case of Budapest, 1890-1940, (New York) 1989
Dorothy O. Helly, S. M. Reverby (eds.), Gendered Domains. Rethinking Public and Private in Women's History, Ithaca, London 1992
Ruth- Ellen B. Joeres, M. J. Maynes (eds.), German Women in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. A Social and Literary History, Bloomington 1986
Christine Johanson, Women's Struggle for Higher Education in Russia, 1855-1900, Kingston, Montreal 1987
Karen Johnson Freeze, Medical Education for Women in Austria: A Study in the Politics of the Czech Women's Movement m the 1890s, in: Sharon L. Wolchik, A. G. Meyer (eds.), Women, State, and Party in Eastern Europe, Durham 1985
Joan Lewis (ed.), Labor and Love. Women's Experience of Home and Family 1858-1940, Oxford 1986
Linda McDowell, R. Pringle (eds.), Defining Women. Social Institutions and Gender Divisions, Cambridge 1992
Anne F. Scott, A. M. Scott, One Half of the People The Fight for Woman's Suffrage, Urbana etc. 1982


CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: June, 1996


Zim_HisGenEu.W95Hist.v3

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