FROM 1867 TO 1934

Winter Term 1994
Roman Sandgruber
Michael John
Susan Zimmermann
Department of History

Course Description

A. In section A. the Austrian Course gives a problem-oriented introduction into recent developments in methodology and theory of social history. In this semester it will be centered around the theoretical and methodological tensions between what has been called the "history of society" (E. Hobsbawm, J. Kocka) and "history of every day life" as well as around some basic questions and problems of gender history and women's studies. The lectures, the discussions and their own reading should widen the students understanding of different ways of dealing with history, that is of different starting points, methods and purposes of historical research.

B. The lectures in section B. present major topics of current social history research. The purpose of the lectures is not only to give an introduction into important developments of the history of Austrian society in the given period and to exemplify the different research strategies, problems and results presented and discussed in section A. Dealing with Austrian social and every day life history they also analyze major social, political and economic components of the rise of this country as a successful industrial society. The discussion of these components and their interference should deepen the understanding of the backgrounds and dynamics of the making of modern society in general. In every lecture slide and video material is used to support the teaching.


A: Perspectives and problems of modern social history

1. Social history and the history of every day life: An introduction into research perspectives, current debates and methodologies (R. Sandgruber)

2. The making of industrial society. Social, political and economic tendencies and interdependencies (S. Zimmermann)

B: Social history and every day life history in Austria

3. "Home sweet home": The history of housing and neighborhood (M. John)

4. Every day life, household and the gender division of labor in the lower classes (S. Zimmermann)

5. The history of privacy and the domination of women in the middle and upper classes (S. Zimmermann)

6. Modernity in every day life. How technological innovations invaded every day life (R. Sandgruber)

7. From the making to the crisis of the modern welfare state in Austria (S. Zimmermann)

8. From the making of democratic mass parties to "Austro-Fascism": The development of Viennese municipal politics. Comparison to Budapest (S. Zimmermann)

9. Field trip to Budapest: The municipal social reform programs at the turn of the century (S. Zimmermann)

10. Multiculturalism, assimilation and identity in the history of Austria and Vienna (M. John)

a).Required Readings:

G. Ambrosius, Social and economic history of twentieth-century Europe, 1989
Vera Bacskai (ed.), Vienna-Budapest: Studies in Urban History (= History and Society in Central Europe, vol. 1), Budapest 1991
Peter Baldwin, The politics of Social Solidarity. Class bases of the European Welfare State 1875 - 1975, New York etc. 1990
Martin J. Daunton Hg.), Housing the Workers. A Comparative History, 1850-1914, Leicester etc. 1990
Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Empire 1875 - 1914, London 1987
Lutz Niethammer, Posthistoire: Has History Come to an End?, 1992
Joan W. Scott, Louise A. Tilly, Women, Work and Family, New York 1987
J. Robert Wegs, Growing Up Working Class. Continuity and Change Among Viennes Youth 1890 - 1938, University Park of Pennsylvania/London 1989

b) Suggested reading available upon request.

CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: June, 1996


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