TOLERANCE AND INTOLERANCE IN MULTIRELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES: HABSBURG LANDS, VENETIAN REPUBLIC AND OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN16th
AND 17th CENTURIES

Fall Term 1995
Drago Roksandic
Department of History
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY




Course Description
This course is a contribution to the development of a comparative history of religions in multireligious, multicultural and multiethnic communities within the dominant states of the Early Modern Central- and South-East Europe and in their competing relations to each other. Western and Eastern Christianity. Islam and Judaism, related either to different or converging cultural and civilisational legacies, systems of values and aspirations, articulate in a long-term historical perspective different notions, patterns and practices of religious tolerance and intolerance, They profoundly influence early modern notions of appropriate political cultures and structures of power,

Reading Material:
The assigned reading for the course consists of the following monographs/volurnes and a photocopy packet of readings.
The books which may be purchased are:
Ivo Andric, The Development of Spiritual Life in Bosnia under the Influence of the Turkish Rule, Zelimir B. Juricic & John F. Loud (eds. & trans.), (Chapel Hill, 1991)
Charles Frazee, Catholics and Sultans (Cambridge, 1983)
Eve Levin, Sex and Society in the World of the Orthodox Slavs. 900-1700 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989)
Braude & Bernard Lewis (eds.). Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: the Functioning of a Plural Society (New York, 1982)

The weekly topics for the course will be as follows:

1. Religious communities and hierarchies on the borders: notions of tolerance and intolerance;

2. Religion and state power on a border of civilizations: problems of a comparative study;

3. Ottoman Empire - Empire of the gazis;

4. Early Habsburg Monarchy in the South-East: "antemurale Christianitatis";

5. Venetian Republic: trade, state and religion on the frontier between West and East;

6. Eastern Christianity's lost state power: dilemmas between tolerance and intolerance:

7. Jews between Habsburgs, Venetians and Ottomans;

8. Ottoman millet system: interests of the early modern theocratic state and limits of the repressive religious tolerance;

9. Catholic "reconquista" beyond changing state and religious borders in the South-East: political Illyrianism and baroque Slavism;

10.Gender and religious (in)tolerance;

11 Popular culture beyond religious conflicts.


CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Revised: April, 1996

Rok_TolerInt.F95Hist.v2

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