DISTANCING THE PRESENT
Fall Term 1995
Istvan Rev
Department of History
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY



Course Description

The course aims to explore certain moral issues related to the study of the past The work of the historian is always both an expression of the relationship of the present to the past, and an intervention in the past on behalf of the present Stories are never innocent, recollecting past events changes the role, the context the status of the people and the acts remembered. The course tries to show that even the seemingly neutral methods, practices, tools that the historian uses, play a role in redressing the past, in reshaping its meaning, in establishing a calculated or unintended but still heavily loaded connection between the living and the dead.

All the problems I will try to raise in the course of the seminar are related to or informed by the recent past of Central-Eastern Europe. However, most of the examples and the selected readings come from or refer to other periods and other regions. Temporal and geographical distance is introduced in order to enable the participants of the seminar to focus on the consequences of certain historical practices, and moral concerns, rather than on just specific, politically motivated aspects of the recent past The chosen method of investigation is a reflection of the topic of the seminar. It is hoped that by investigating the probable consequences of distancing the present from the pest from both temporal and geographical distance could help in raising legitimate, general and important concerns related to the work of the historian and to the understanding the past from the perspective of the present.


Chronology of the Course:

First Week
Erasure - Attempts of Changing the Past
Reading:
Milan Kundera, The Book Laughter and Forgetting, Part One. Lost Letters. Penguin Books, 1986 pp. 3-24.

Second Week
Medicalisation of Forgetting
Reading:
Michael S. Roth, Remembering forgetting Maladies de la Memoire in Nineteenth-Century France. In Representations 26 Spring 1989 pp. 49-68.
Ian Hacking, Rewriting the Soul, Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory. Chapters, 14 and 15. (The Sciences of Memory ant Memoro-Politics, (198-221) Princeton U.P. 1995

Third Week
Techniques of Remembering Otherwise
Reading:
Patrick Geary, Men, Women and Family Memory. In: Geay, Phantoms of Remembrance. Princeton UP,1994 pp 48-80.
Stanley Cohen, State Crimes of Previos Regimes: Knowledge, Accountability, and the Policing of the Past. in: Law of Social Inquiry, Vol 20, 1, Winter 1995 pp.7-50.

Fourth Week
Legal or Historical Stories. Ways of Recollecting the Past
Reading:
I. Osiel, Law and Collective Memory of Administrative Massaere. Comparative Perspectives (Mimeo 30 pages)

Fifth Week
"The Moral Implications of Distance"
Reading:
Carlo Ginzburg, Killing the Chinese Mandarin: The Moral Implication of Distance. In: Critical Inquiry 21 (Autumn 1994), pp 46-60.

Sixth Week.
Exhibiting the Living. The Exotic on Display
Reading:
Curtis M. Hinsley, The World as Marketplace: Commodification of the Exotic at the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1983 and Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, Objects of Ethnography. In: Ivan Karp and Steven D. Lavine (eds.) Exhibiting Cultures. The Poetics nd Politics of Museum and Display Smithsonian Institution, 1991 pp. 344-365 and 386-443.

Seventh Week
Exhibiting the Dead History, Archeology versus the Care of the Dead
Reading:
David W. Cohen, Silences of the Living, Orations of the Dead. In: The Combing of History. Univ. of Chicago P. 1994. pp. 78-111.
Jane Hubert, A Proper place for the dead: a critical review of the "reburial" issue. In: R. Layton (ed.), Conflict in the Archeology of Living Traditions. Unwin Hyman, London, 1989, pp. 131-165.

Eighth Week
The Use of the Dead.
Reading:
I. Rev, Parallel Autopsies In Representations 49 Winter 1995 pp. 15-39.

Ninth Week
Naming. Reflecting on the Horrors of History
Reading:
Stuart Liebman and Annette Michelson, After the Fall: Women in the House of the Hangmen. Helke Sander, Remembering/ Forgetting Gertrud Koch, Blood, Sperm, and Tears. In: October, 72 Spring, 1995 pp 5-14, 15-25, 27-41.

Tenth Week
Historical Responsibility?
Reading:
Gabor T. Rittersporn, The Omnipresent Conspiracy. On Soviet Imagery of Politics and Social Relations in the 1930s. In: J. Arch Getty and Roberta T. Manning (eds.) Stalinist Terror. New Perspectives. Cambridge U P. 1993 pp 99-115.
I.Rev, The Advantages of being Atomized. (Mimeo,1985, 46 pages)

Eleventh Week
Distancing the Unknown
Reading:
Carlo Ginzburg, Making Things Strange. The Prehistory of a Literary Device. (Mimeo, 1995, 20 pages)

Course Evaluation
Students expected to write a short (1-2 pages long) position paper for each class that will form the basis of discussion. The fina1 grade of the course will reflect activity in class (30%), the evaluation of the position papers (20% ) and the grade of the final essay (50% ).



CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Revised: May 1996


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