WORKING CLASSES AND NOMENKLATURA AFTER 1945 IN CENTRAL EUROPE.
NEW APPROACHES AND METHODS IN SOCIAL HISTORY

Fall Term 1995
Andrea Peto
Department of History
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY





Course Description

This course is designed as a methodological as well as general survey of history of working classes and Nomenklatura in East Central Europe after 1945. The focus will be primarily, although not exclusively on methodology of writing history. In the compiled reader, students may find new approaches towards social history of this turbulent region after W.W.II. The class schedule may and will be altered and supplemented according to the individual tastes and interests of the participants.

In the classes we will discuss the required readings and the students' written reflections (position papers). Each session contains an introductory lecture and student presentations. Using the advantage that this course is offered to students coming from different countries we try to use comparative approach. In every lecture visual material will be used as video, slides and photos on workers: image and reality.

A field trip to the socialist realist parts of Budapest will complete the knowledge of the enrolled students.

In the Reader, besides the recommended and required readings you will find a crib sheet: how to write your papers.

Course requirement/Grade composition:
30% 1 Position Paper (book report) (1-2 pages)
20% Oral Presentation
50% Final Exam ( comprehensive, emphasis on material covered in the term)

Class schedule

Preparatory Field trip. (10 September)
Socialist Realism in Budapest. Visit of the Reminiscences of the Past; Statue Parks, Pantheon and Housing Estates.

1. Course Introduction (4 October)
Raymond William, Keywords (Fontana 1981) selected words
Film: Dream Brigade (1990)
Interview with Eric Hobsbawn

2. Aspects and Future of Writing Labor History (11 October)
Conference Report on " The Future of Labor History in Labor History Review Vol. 55. No. 3, Winter 1990
Michael Hanagan, For Reconstruction in Labor History in Rethinking Labor History: Essays on Discourse and Class Analysis. ed. by Lenard R. Berlanstein. 1993. pp.182200.

3. East and West: Social History in a Comparative Perspective (18 October)
Eric Hopkins, The Rise and Decline of the English Working Classes 1918-1990. (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1991) esp. chapter 3.
Gerard Noiriel, Workers in French Society in the l9th and 20th Century (1990) esp. pp. 189-219.
Andre Gorz, Farewell to the Working Class. An Essay on Post Industrial Socialism. (Pluto Press 1980), esp. chap. 6

4. Stakhanov and the Old Machinery,- Economic History of Central Europe (25 October)
Alec Cairncross, Years of Recovery. British Economic Policy 1945- 1951 (Methuen 1985) chapter 11.
Robert T. Jerome, "Sources of Economic Growth in Hungary 1950-1985". in East European Quarterly, XXII. No. 1. March 1988.
John R. Lampe, Marvin R. Jackson, Balkan Economic History 1550-1950 (1982) esp. chap. 13
Ivan Peto, Concept and Reality. The Stalinist Economic Order in Hungary in, The Stalinist Model in Hungary ed. Ferenc Glatz. (Akademia, 1990), pp.53-67.

5. Army, Secret Police, Apparatus: Iconography (1 November)
Zoltan D.Barany, Soldiers and Politics in Eastern Europe 1945-1990.1993. esp.chapter 6.
Victoria E. Bonnell, The Iconography of the Worker in Soviet Political Art in Making Workers Soviet. Power. Class. and Identity eds. Lewis H.Siegelbaum, Ronald Grigor Suny, Cornell UP, 1994. pp. 341-376.
Film: Battle in Peace (1951)

6. Sociological Approach, Participant Observation (8 November)
John Burnett, "The Autobiography of the Working Class", Labor History Review, Vol.55, No.1. Spring 1990
Stephan Kotkin, Steeltown. USSR.(University of California Press,1992) esp. chapter 1.
Michael Burawoy, Janos Lukacs, The Radiant Past (The University of Chicago Press. 1992) chapter 1.
Michael Burawoy, "Reflection on Class Consciousness of Hungarian Steel Workers" in Politics and Society 17, No.1. 1989.

7. Movements, Conflicts and Labor Relations (15 November)
Anthony Giddens, Sociology (Polity Press,1990) esp. chapter 19.
Laszlo Varga, Labor Policy in Hungary in the 1950s in The Stalinist Model in Hungary. ed. Ferenc Glatz,(Akademia, 1990),pp. 91-l05.
Sheila Fitzpatrick, Workers against Bosses: The Impact of the Great Purges on Labor Management Relations. in Soviet Political Art in Making Workers Soviet. Power. Class. and Identity eds. Lewis H.Siegelbaum, Ronald Grigor Suny, Cornell UP, 1994. pp. 311-341.

8. Worker's wives and women tractorists (22 November)
Andrea Peto, As He Saw Her. Gender Politics in Secret Party Documents in Edited by Andrea Peto, Mark Pittaway, Women in History - Women' s History in Central and Eastern European Perspective. Budapest, 1994
Ann Ferguson, Women as a New Revolutionary Class in the United States in Between Capital, edited by Pat Walker; (Montreal 1978.)
Gay L.Gullickson, New Labor History from the Perspective of a Women's Historian in Labor History in Rethinking Labor History: Essays on Discourse and Class Analysis. ed. by Lenard R. Berlanstein. 1993. pp. 200-213.

9. Working Class Culture in a Changing World (29 November)
D. Lockwood, "Sources of Variation in Working Class Images of Society". The Sociological Review. Vol.14. 1966.
Ross McKibbin, The Ideologies of Class ( Oxford 1990) esp.101- 130.
Film: Interview with Ross McKibbin

10. Language and Class (6 December)
Donald Reid, Reflections on Labor History and Language in Rethinking Labor History: Essays on Discourse and Class Analysis. ed. by Lenard R. Berlanstein. 1993. pp. 39-55.
Gareth Stedman Jones, Language of Class: Studies in English Working Class History, 1832- 1982. Cambridge 1983. and the criticism in David Mayfield, Susan Thorne, "Social History and its Discontent: Gareth Stedman Jones and the Politics of Language", Social History 17, No.2. (1992), 165-187.

11. Final (13 December)



CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: June, 1996

Pet_WorkClas.F95Hist.v3

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