WORKING CLASSES AND NOMENKLATURA AFTER 1945 IN CENTRAL EUROPE.
NEW APPROACHES AND METHODS IN SOCIAL HISTORY

Fall Term 1994
Andrea Peto
Department of History
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY





Course Description

This is a course and lecture designed as a methodological as well as general survey of history of working classes and nomenklatura in East Central Europe after 1945. The focus will be primarily, although not exclusively on methodology of writing history. In the compiled reader, students can find new approaches towards the social history of this turbulent region after WWII via case studies .

In the classes we discuss the required readings and the students written reflections (position papers). Using the advantage that this course is offered to students coming from different countries we try to use comparative approach.

In every lecture visual material will be used a video, slides and photos on workers: image and reality.

A field trip to the socialist realist parts of Budapest will complete the knowledge of the enrolled students.

At the end of the reader you find a crib sheet: how to write papers.

Course requirement/Grade composition
50% 2 Position Papers (1-2 pages)
50% Final Exam

Class schedule

1. Course Introduction
Raymond William, Keywords (Fontana 1981) selected words
Film: Dream Brigade (1990)

2. Political History of Central Europe after WWII and Comparison
Zbigniew Brzesinski, The Grand Failure. The Birth and Death of Communism (Collier 1990) esp. chapter 3.
George Schopflin, Politics in Eastern Europe 1945- 1992. (Blackwell.1993)

3. East and West: Social History in a Comparative Perspective
Eric Hopkins, The Rise and Decline of the English Working Classes 1918-1990. (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1991) esp. chapter 3.
Gerard Noiriel, Workers in French Society in the 19th and 20th Century (1990) esp.189219p.
Andre Gorz, Farewell to the Working Class. An Essay on Post Industrial Socialism. Pluto Press 1980. esp. chap. 6

4. Army, Secret Police, Apparatus: History of Institutions
Zoltan D. Barany, Soldiers and Politics in Eastern Europe 1945 - 1990 1993. esp. chapter 6.
Film: Battle in Peace (1951)

5. Aspects and Future of Writing Labor History
Conference Report on " The Future of Labor History" in Labor History Review Vol. 55. No. 3, Winter 1990

6. Stakhanov and the Old Machinery; Economic History of Central Europe
Alec Cairncross, Years of Recovery. British Economic Policy 1945-1951 (Methuen 1985) chapter 11.
Robert T. Jerome, Sources of Economic Growth in Hungary 1950-1985. East European Quarterly, XXII. No. 1. March 1988.
John R. Lampe, Marvin R. Jackson, Balkan Economic History 1550-1950 (1982) esp. ch. 13
Ivan Peto, Concept and Reality. The Stalinist Economic Order in Hungary in ed. Ferenc Glatz, The Stalinist Model in Hungary. (Akademia, 1990)

7. Sociological Approach, Participant Observation
John Burnett, The Autobiography of the Working Class, Labor History Review, Vol.55, No.1. Spring 1990
Stephan Kotkin, Steeltown. USSR.(University of California Press,1992) esp. chapter 1.
Michael Burawoy, Janos Lukacs, The Radian Past (The University of Chicago Press. 1992) chapter 1.

8. Movements, Conflicts and Cross Nationality
Anthony Giddens, Sociology ( Polity Press,1990) esp. chapter 19.
Laszlo Kurti, A Culture of Conflict: Hungary. Romania and the Transylvanian Conflict in Manuscript, 1994.
Daniel N. Nelson, The Origins of Political Change in Communist Systems. in Elite Studies and Communist Politics. Essay in Memory of Carl Beck 1984.

9. Worker's wives and women tractorists
Andrea Peto, As He Saw Her. Gender Politics in Secret Party Documents in Edited by Andrea Peto, Mark Pittaway, Women in History - Women' s History in Central and Eastern European Perspective. Budapest, 1994
Ann Ferguson, Women as a New Revolutionary Class in the United States in Edited by Pat Walker; Between Capital ( Montreal 1978)

10. Working Class Culture in a Changing World
Ross McKibbin, The Ideologies of Class ( Oxford 1990) esp.101- 130.
D. Lockwood, Sources of Varietion in Working Class Images of Society. The Sociological Review. Vol.14. 1966.

11. Field trip: Socialist Realism in Budapest. Visit of the Reminiscences of the Past; Statue Park and housing estates.

12. Final

Recommended Readings*:
Brzezinski, Z., Grand Failure; the Birth and Death of Communism in the Twentieth Century (l990). and other books by the same author.
Development in East European Politics. Edited by Stephen White, Judy Blatt, Paul G. Lewis.(Macmillan,1993)
Djilas, Milovan. The Unperfect Society. Beyond the New Class (Methuen 1969)
Dziewanowski, M.K. 20th Century Poland (Second edition)
Gati, Charles, Bloc that Failed- Soviet- East European Relations in Transition (1990-)
Gati, C, Hungary and the Soviet Bloc ( 1986.)
Hayek, Friedrich August The Fatal Conceit. The Errors of Socialism. (Routledge l988)
Ivan Berend, Gyorgy Ranki, Economic Development in East Central Europe in the l9th and 20th Centuries
Korbel, Josef 20th Century Czechoslovakia
Kornai, Janos, The Socialist System (Oxford, 1992)
Mitrany, David Marx Against the Peasant.
Rotchild, Joseph, Return to Diversity: A Political History of East Central Europe Since World War II (Oxford)
Rupnik, J., Other Europe. Revised and Updated ( 1989)
Rupnik, Jacques, The Other Europe (London 1989)
Stephen Fischer Galati, 20th Century Rumania (Second edition).
Sugar, Peter F. and Ivo J. Lederer, Nationalism in Eastern Europe
Taylor, E. J.P. The Making of the English Working Class. (New York, 1963)
Tomasevich, Jozo Peasants. Politics and Economic Change in Yugoslavia.

*It may and will be altered and supplemented according to the individual tastes and interests of participants.



CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: June, 1996

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