Winter Term 1996
Andrea Peto
Department of History

Course Description

The purpose of the course is to explore the borders of writing a gender history in East Central Europe. This course will explore various theoretical and methodological approaches to women's history and how it fits or does not fit into the current historiography of East Central European countries. The course is also a general overview of women's history in the region. The seminar is designed to widen the students' understanding of this new type of history writing and to develop students' understanding of the questions of historiography in the different countries. This is not a course on "women" as such but on exploring various aspects of methodology in women"s history. During the term the major books and articles written by women's historians will be read. The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the major approaches to women's history, to develop critical skills and to aid students in selecting methodologies that are appropriate to the problems in which they are mostly interested.

Teaching methods:
Discussions, student presentations, workshops, audio-visual resources.

Students are required to submit two papers (min. 5 pages of each) and to give an oral presentation based on these two papers in the class.

The First Paper and presentation wit be a critical review of one of the Readings from the Reader.

The Second Paper is a report on writing women's history in the respective country. During the class will recover country by country the main works written on Eastern European women's history in the post-war period. Mach of the students must choose a country, not necessarily of his or her owns and introduces the methodology of the women's history writing and must try to find a place for this in the national historiography. General books on women's history in East Central European countries are on reserve at CEU Library (see list of Required readings).

The papers are due to my office a week before the oral presentation is scheduled in order to distribute the copies to the other participants.

Faithful attendance and class participation 25%
Presentations in the class 25%
Papers 50%

Class schedule and readings:
Note: on each session we will cover one country as a case study and one or more methodological problems based on readings in the Reader. Total class hours: 22

Definition and Framework (10 January)

Kelly, Joan, Women, History and Theory, The University of Chicago Press, 1984. esp. pp. 1-19.
Scott, Joan, Gender and the Politics of History. Columbia UP. 1988. pp. 25 - 53.
Catharine Hall, White, Male and Middle Class, Explorations in Feminism and History. Polity Press, 1992. esp. pp. 140.
Mills, Jane, Womanwords. A Vocabulary of Culture and Patriarchal Society. Virago pp. 86-89, and pp. 230-233.

Women's History (17 January)

Scott, Joan, "Women's History. The Modern Period", in Past and Present, May 1983. pp.141-157.
Scott, Joan, Women's History in New Perspectives on Historical Writing. ed. by Peter Burke. Polity Press 1991. pp. 42-66.
Schmidt, D. B., Schmidt, E. R., The Invisible Woman: The Historian as Professional Magician and Gordon,. A. D., Bihle, M. J., Dye, N. S., "The Problem of Women' s History" in Liberating Women's History, Ed. by Carroll, B. A. pp. 4254 and 75-92.
Bock, Gisella, Challenging Dichotomies: Theoretical and Historical Perspectives on Women's Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences. European University Institute. 1989. pp.1- 33.

Feminism and Theory (24 January)

MacKinnon, Catherine A." Feminism, Marxism, Method and the State: An Agenda for Theory," Signs 7 (1982), pp. 515 -544.
Aizazova, Svetlana, Feminism in Russia, Debates from the Past in Women in Russia, A New Era in Russian Feminism. Ed. by Posadskaya, Anastasia, Verso 1994. pp.154-164.
Offen, Karen, Defining Feminism: a Comparative Historical Approach in Beyond Equality and Difference. Ed. by Bock, Gisela and James, Susan, Routledge 1992, pp.79-88.
Chandra Talpade Mohanty, Under Western Eyes, Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses in Third World Women and Politics of Feminism. ed by Chandra Talpade Mohanty, Ann Russo, Lourdes Torres, Indiana University Press, 1991, pp.31-80.

Suffrage, Political Activism and Theory (31 January)

Stites, Richard, Women and the Revolutionary Process in Russia in Becoming Visible. Women in European History. Ed..by Bridenthal, Renate, Koonz, Claudia, Stuard, Susan, Second Eddition. Houghton,1987. pp. 451-473.
Rowbotham, Sheila, Women in Movement: Feminism and Social Action. Routledge. 1992. esp. pp. 309-316.

Politics of Gender in Eastern Europe (7 February)

Malysheva, Marina, The Politics of Gender in Russia. in Women's Voice in Literature and Society. Bradford Occasional Papers No.11. Bardford University, 1992. Ed. by Allison, M., White. A. pp. 75-85.
Goven, Joanna, The Gendered Foundation of Hungarian Socialism, State, Society and the Anti-Politics of Anti- Feminism. University of California, Berkley, unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, 1994.

Gender, National Socialism and Bolshevism (14 February)

DeGrazia, Victoria, How Fascism Ruled Women. University of California Press.1992. pp. 1-17.
Malysheva, Marina, Feminism and Bolshevism.Two Worlds, Two Ideologies in Women in the Face of Change. Routledge, 1992. ed by Raij Shirin, Pilkongton, H., Pbizacklea, A. pp. 186-199.
Film: Commissar (A. Askoldov)

Gender and Nationalism (21 February)

Gender and History, special issue of "Gender, Nationalism and National Identities," Vol. 5. No.2. Summer 1993, pp. 159-164.
George L. Mosse, Nationalism and Sexuality. Middle Class Morality and Sexual Norms in Modern Europe. University of Wisconsin Press. 1985. esp. pp. 153-181.

Women and Memory

Beth Holmgren, Women 's Works in Stalin 's Time on Lidiia Chutovskaia, Nadezhda Mandelstam. Indiana University Press, 1993
Film: The Anna Akhmatova File (S. Aranovits, 1990)

Women and Work (28 February)

Tilly, Louise.A., Scott, W. Joan, Woment Work and Family. Methuen, esp. pp. 214-258.
Goldman, Wendy, A Non Antagonistic Contradiction? The Waged and Unwaged Labor of Soviet Women in Gender and History. Vol 3 No. 3 Autumn 1991.
Alice Kessler-Harris, Women, Work and the Social Order in Liberating Women's History, Ed. by Carroll, B. A. pp.330-343.

Women and Family (6 March)

Kelly, Joan, Women, History and Theory, The University of Chicago Press, 1984. pp. 110-157.
Kligman, Gail, The Politics of Reproduction in Ceausescu's Romania: A Case Study in Political Culture. East European Politics and Societies Vol. 6 No.3, Fall 1992.pp.364-418.
Giddens, Athony, The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Eroticism in Modern Societies. Polity Press, 1992. pp.158-205.

Women in Society (13 March)

Pietrow- Ennker ,Women in Polish Society. A Historical Introduction in, Women in Polish Society. Ed. by Jaworski, Rudolf, Pietrow-Fnnker East European Monographs, Columbia University Press, pp. 1-29.
Wolchnik, Sharon L., The Status of Women in a Socialist Order: Czechoslovakia, 1948-1978. Slavic Review Vol. 38. No. 4. December 1979. pp. 583-602.

Required readings for the Second Paper
Einhorn, Barbara, Cinderella Goes to Market. Citizenship, Gender and Women's Movement in East Central Europe, Verso, 1993.
Gender Politics and Post Communism. Reflection from Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Union, ed. by Funk, Nanette and Müller, Magda, Routledge, 1993.
Women and State and Party in Eastern Europe. Ed. by Sharon I. Wochnik, A.GF. Meyer, Duke UP. 1985.
Women in Politics in Post - Communist Eastern Europe, ed. Marilyn Rueschmeyer. Armonk NY.
Writing Women's History: International Perspectives,. Ed. by Often, K., Pierson, R., Rendall, J., 1991.
Women 's Daily Life and Equal Opportunity Policies: Central and Eastern European Societies in Transition. Colloquium Papers. European University Institute,1993.
Women in History- Women's History: Central and Eastern European Perspectives. CEU History Department Working Paper Series. No.1. 1994.
Writing Women's History. ed by Michelle Perrot. Blackwell, 1992.

Required reading on Historiography:
The New History. Trends in Historical Writing Since WWII. Ed. By Walter Laqueur, George L. Mosse. Harper, 1967. Journal of Contemporary History. 4.
Historiography of the Countries of Eastern Europe in American Historical Review October 1992 pp. 1011-1118.
Kren, Jan, Czech Historiography at a Turning Point, East European Politics and Society. Vol. 6 No. 2. Spring 1992. pp. 152-169.
Selected Conference Papers for Teaching Comparative History of Central and South East Europe. Zagreb. 1994.

CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Revised: May 1996


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