WRITING WOMEN'S HISTORY IN EAST CENTRAL EUROPE
Winter Term 1995
Andrea Peto
Department of History
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY





Course Description

Teaching methods: discussions, student presentations, workshops, audio-visual resources.

Assessment: Students are required to submit two papers (min. 5 pages of each) and to give an oral presentation based on these two papers in the class.

The First Paper and presentation will be on an analysis of a selected item from the Reader from methodological point of view.

The Second Paper is on writing women's history in the respective country. The student presentations are on writing women's history in their home country based on consultation before end of the First Term. We will introduce country by country the works written on Eastern European women's history in the post-war period. On the first meeting we will review the materials which were taken from home by the participants. Each of the students must choose a country, not necessarily of his or her own, and to introduce the methodology of the women's history writing and must try to find a place for this in the national historiography. General books on women's history in East Central European countries are on reserve at CEU Library (see list of required readings).

The papers are due to my office a week before the oral presentation is scheduled in order to distribute the copies to the other participants.

Requirements:
Faithful attendance and class participation -- 25%
Presentations in the class -- 25%
Papers -- 50%

The purpose of the course is to explore the borders of writing a gendered history in East Central Europe. This course will explore various theoretical and methodological approaches to women's history and how it fits or does not fit into the current historiography of East Central European countries. General overview of women's history in the region. The seminar is for widening the students' understanding of this type of history writing and to develop students' understanding of the questions of historiography in the different countries. Special attention will be paid to differences between Eastern European societies, avoiding their analysis ' as a whole', focusing on specific problem, of each of them.


Class schedule

Note: on each session we will cover one country as a case study and one or more methodological problems based on readings in the Reader.


Definition and Framework
Kelly, Joan, Women, History and Theory, The University of Chicago Press,1984. esp. pp. 1-19.
Scott, Joan, Gender and the Politics of History. Columbia UP. 1988. pp. 25 -53.
Mills, Jane, Woman words. A Vocabulary of Culture and Patriarchal Society. Virago pp. 86 -89, and pp. 230 -233.

Women's History
Scott, Joan, "Women's History. The Modern Period", in Past and Present, May 1983. pp.l41-157.
Schmidt, D. B., Schmidt, E. R., The Invisible Woman: The Historian as Professional Magician and Gordon, A. D., Bihle, M. J., Dye, N. S., The Problem of Women's History in Liberating Women's History, Ed. by Carroll, B. A. pp. 42-54 and 75-92.
Bock, Gisella, Challenging Dichotomies: Theoretical and Historical Perspectives on Women's Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences. European University Institute. 1989. pp. l-33.

Woman Question and Feminism
Aveling, Edward, Aveling, Marx Elenor, The Woman Question. Marxism Today, March 1977. pp. 80-88.
Deutscher, Isaac, On Socialist Man in Marxism, Wars and Revolutions. Verso 1984 pp. 263 -276.
MacKinnon, Catherine A." Feminism, Marxism, Method and the State: An Agenda for Theory," Signs 7 (1982), pp. 515 -544.
Aizazova, Svetlana, Feminism in Russia, Debates from the Past in Women in Russia, A New Era in Russian Feminism. Ed. by Posadskaya, Anastasia, Verso 1994. pp. 154 164.
Offen, Karen, Defining Feminism: a Comparative Historical Approach in Beyond Equality and Difference. Ed. by Bock, Gisela and James, Susan, Routledge 1992, pp.79-88.

Suffrage, Political Activism and Theory
Becoming Visible. Women in European History. Ed by Bridenthal, Renate, Koonz Claudia, Stuard, Susan, Second Edition. Houghton,1987. esp. Stites, Richard, Women and the Revolutionary Process in Russia, pp. 451 -473.
Rowbotham, Sheila, Women in Movement: Feminism and Social Action. Routledge. 1992. esp. pp. 309-316.

Politics of Gender in Eastern Europe
Malysheva, Marina, The Politics of Gender in Russia. in Women's Voice in Literature and Society. Bradford Occasional Papers No.ll. Bardford University, 1992. Ed. by Allison, M., White. A. pp. 75 -85.
Goven, Joanna, The Gendered Foundation of Hungarian Socialism, State, Society and the Anti-Politics of Anti-Feminism. University of California, Berkley, unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, 1994,

Gender, National Socialism and Bolshevism
DeGrazia, Victoria, How Fascism Ruled Women. University of California Press. 1992. pp. 1-17.
Malysheva, Marina, Feminism and Bolshevism. Two Worlds, Two Ideologies in Women in the Face of Change. Routledge, 1992. ed by Rai, Shirin, Pilkongton, H., Phizacklea, pp. 186-199.

Gender, Nationalism and Identity
Gender and History, special issue of ' Gender, Nationalism and National Identities', Vol. 5. No.2. Summer 1993, pp. 159-164.
Hohn, Maria, Frau im Haus und Girl in Spiegel, Discourse on Women in Interregnum Period of 1945-1949 and the Question of Gerrnan Identity, Central European History, Vol. 26. (1) 1993, pp. 57-91.

Women, Family and Work
Tilly, Louise.A., Scott W.Joan, Women, Work and Family. Methuen, esp. pp. 214-258.
Jowitt, Kenneth, Inclusion and Mobilization in European Leninist Regimes. World Politics Vol 28, (1) 1975 pp 69-96.
Kelly, Joan, Women, History and Theory, The University of Chicago Press, 1984. pp. 110-157.

Sexual Strategies: Politics and Social Practices
Kligman, Gail, The Politics of Reproduction in Caucesus's Romania: A Case Study in Political Culture. East European Politics and Societies Vol. 6 No.3, Fall 1992. pp. 364418.
Giddens, Athony, The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Eroticism in Modern Societies. Polity Press, 1992. pp. l58 -205.

Women, Industrialization and the Sexual Division of Labor
Walby, Sylvia, Patriarchy at Work: Patriarchal and Capitalist Relations in Employment. Polity Press. 1986. esp. pp. 202 -243.
Goldman, Wendy, A Non Antagonistic Contradiction? The Waged and Unwaged Labor of Soviet Women in Gender and History. Vo1 3 No. 3 Autumn 1991.

Women, Gender and Welfare State
Women, the State and Welfare. Ed. Gordon, Linda, University of Wisconsin UP. 1990. esp. Gordon, Linda, The New Feminist Scholarship on Welfare State, pp. 9-36. and Piven, Fox Frances, Ideologies and the State: Women, Power and Welfare, pp. 250-264.
Ferge, Zsuzsa, A Society in the Making. Hungarian Social and Societal Policy 1945-1975, Penguin, 1975, pp. 99 -112.

Women in Society
Pietow-Ennker Women in Polish Society. A Historical Introduction in, Women in Polish Society. Ed by Jaworski, Rudolf, Pietrow-Ennker East European Monographs, Columbia University Press, pp. I -29.
Wolchnik, Sharon L., The Status of Women in a Socialist Order: Czechoslovakia, 19481978. Slavic Review Vol. 38. No. 4. December 1979. pp. 583-602.

Official Historiography and Women
Kren, Jan, Czech Historiography at a Turning Point, East European Politics and Society. Vol. 6 No. 2. Spring 1992. pp.152-169.
Selected Conference Papers for Teaching Comparative History of Central and South East Europe. Zagreb. 1994.


Required readings for the Second Paper
Einhorn, Barbara, Cinderella Goes to Market. Citizenship, Gender and Women's Movement in East Central Europe, Verso, 1993.
Gender Politics and Post Communism. Reflection from Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Union, ed. by Funk, Nanette and Muller, Magda, Routledge, 1993.
Women and State and Party in Eastern Europe. Ed. by Sharon 1. Wochnik, KGF. Meyer, Duke UP. 1985.
Women in Politics in Post -Communist Eastern Europe, ed. Marilyn Rueschmeyer. Armonk NY.
Writing Women's History: International Perspectives,. Ed. by Offen, K., Pierson, R., Rendall, J., 1991.
Women's Daily Life and Equal Opportunity Policies: Central and Eastern European Socities in Transition. Colloquium Papers. European University Institute,1993.
Women in History-Women's History: Central and Eastern European Perspectives. CEU History Department Working Paper Series. No.l. 1994.



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Modified: June, 1996

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