Comparative Analysis of Women's Place in the Society in the Second Half of 20th century in Eastern Europe

Winter Term 1994
Andrea Peto
Department of History

Course Description

The purpose of the course is the explore the borders of the gender question. General overview of women status in Eastern Europe Introduction to the feminist literature. The role of women, their rights, struggle and status are much better analyzed in Western Europe and the USA as in Eastern and Central Europe. After the analysis of Western feminism the participants will evaluate the situation in their respective countries, looking for similarities and differences. The seminar is held in various forms: the short lectures given by the reader, the discussion of the studied literature and original sources should widen the students' understanding of the changing role of women and gender question in the society, analyzed with different methods and purposes of research In every lecture visual material will be used videos, slides and photos on everyday life of working women, taken from contemporary Eastern and Western European newspapers for women and from books written for them and about them. Special attention will be paid to differences between the Eastern European societies, avoiding their analysis ' as a whole', focusing on specific problem, of each of them. Research: The standardized questionnaire is provided the enrolled students. They make a presentation on the situation of women in their home country based on the same criteria. The students are working on their MA essay consultation are encouraged to point out the gender element of their work. Topics.

1. Introduction. General questions. Questions and answers.
Atkinson, Mabel, The Economic Foundation of the Women's Movement in Readings in Western Civilization in 20th century Europe. 9.vol. Ed. Baser, John, W. and Goldstein, Jan. the University of Chicago Press. 1987.
Mitchell, Juliet Oakley, Ann ed. The Rights and Wrongs of Women. Harmsworth. Penguin. 1976.
Hole. Judith, Levine, Ellen Rebirth of Feminism. NY Quadrangle. 1971
Millet, Kate, Sexual Politics. Garden City. Doubleday. 1970
Mies, Matia, Reddock Rhoda eds., National Liberation and Women' s Liberation. The Hague's. Institute of Social studies. 1982.
Rowbotham, Sheila, Women' s Consciousness. Man' s World. Middlesex. Penguin 1973.
------------------------, Women, Resistance and Revolution. A History of Women and Revolution in the Modern World. New York. Pantheon 1972.
Beveridge, William, New Britain in Readings in Western Civilization in 20th century Europe. 9.vol. Ed. Baser, John, W. and Goldstein, Jan. the University of Chicago Press. 1987.

2. The first theoreticians of feminism. A historical overview. The brief history of the feminist movement
ed. Boxer, Martin, Quataert, Jean, Socialist Women. European Socialist feminism in the 19th and Early 20th. century. NY. Elsevier. 1978.
Mill, John Stuart, The Subjection of Women. London.

3. Feminism relation to other disciplines (literature: Woolf, Beavouir, Fallaci, psychology; Freud and the Freudians Women participation in elections. The gender gap )
de Beauvoir,Simone. The Second Sex. London .Jonathan Cape. 1960.
Woolf, Virginia, A Room of One' s Own in Readings in Western Civilization in 20th century Europe. 9.vol. Ed. Baser, John, W. and Goldstein, Jan. the University of Chicago Press. 1987.

4. The gender question and the socialist Approach .Theoretician: Marx, Engels, Lassale, Kautsky, Bukharin, Lenin, Zetkin. From women's question to Revolution. Are the Marxist categories sex- blind?
Engles, Fridrich, The origin of the Family. NY International publisher 1972.
Marx, Engels. Lenin, Stalin, The Women Question. NY International. 1951.

5. Revolution in Practice. Russia 1917-133. The Sexual Thermidor and after.
Wolchik, Sahron, Meyer, Alfred, G., Women, Sate and Party in Eastern Europe. Durham. NC Duke UP. 1985.
Stites, R., The Women' s Liberation Movement in Russia. Princeton 1976.
Schlesinger, Rudolp , Changing attitudes in Soviet Russia. The Family in the USSR. 1949. London. Butler and Tanner.
Atkinson, D, Dallin, A, Lapidus, G. eds. Women in Russia. Stanford. UP. 1977.

6. The State Socialism and the ideology of equality.
Jancar, Barbara Wolfe, Women under Communism. Baltimore. John Hopkins Press 1978.
Shaffer, Harry G.Women in the Two Germanies. A Comparative Study of a Socialist and a Non Socialist Society. NY, Pergamon. 1981.
Ramet, Pedro ed., Yugoslavia in the 1980's.Boulder Westview 1985.

7 The Functionalism and the Gender Question. From suffragettes to the revival of feminism.
Giddens, Anthony, The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies. NY. Harper Torch books 1975.

8. Women's organizations from aristocratic charity to communist league.

9. Women as ideal. The women in their own press. Contextual analysis of women' s press in the Communist countries in the 1950s.
Kornai, Janos, Socialist System: Political Economy of Communism.

10. Propaganda and reality: a case study of socialist working women in Hungary in the 1950s.
Based on research and documents: a reconstruction of place, role of Hungarian women in the 1950s.

11. Outlook and summary. Introduction to the western feminism. Relevance to Eastern Europe. Women in post socialist society. Feminist journals.

Chafe, William Henry: The American Women. Her Changing Social, Economic and Political Roles. 1920- 1970. NY Oxford. University Press. 1972.

CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: June, 1996


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