THE HISTORY OF MODERN RUSSIA (1700 -1940)
Winter Term 1994
Alexey Miller
Department of History
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY





Course Description

The task of the course is to provide the students with an overview of Russian history from the reforms of Peter the Great up to the end of Russian Long Revolution, paying major attention to the social transformation and economic development. What were the specific features and limitations of the modernizing efforts in Russia? How is Russia related to Europe and how this relation was perceived in Russian social and political thought? What were the origins of the growing tension within the Russian society, which resulted in the chain of revolutionary explosions from 1905 until 1930's? Who made Russian Long Revolution on its successive stages? What was the Soviet man and the Soviet society how they emerged in 1930's after the last revolutionary climax? What was the national problem for the Russian Empire and the USSR? These questions are topical for the course. The course consists of two parts. The first one deals with the period 1700-1870's, and is organized according to thematical principles. Particular lectures examine the evolution either of certain social groups, or institution, or intellectual discourse during the whole period under consideration. The second part deals with the period of the late 19th and the first four decades of the 20th century. Due to the highly intense and total character of change during this period, the lectures are based on chronological principle.


Topics and literature -- Part l:

Books to be used as background material for several lectures:
Nicholas Riasanovski. A History of Russia. 4th ed. N.Y. 1984.
Hugh Seton-Watson. The Russian Empire. 1801-1917. N.Y. 1990.
Richard Pipes. Russia Under the Old Regime. Cambridge, 1974.

1.Peter the Great and his legacy. Changing cultural pattern.
Required:
Mark Raeff. Understanding Imperial Russia. N.Y., 1984; ch.1, 2.
Ann Arbor, 1984, pp.3-36, 53-71.

2. Russian Nobility.
Required:
Jerome Blum. Lord and Peasant in Russia. Princeton, 1961. pp.367-442.
Jones R.E. The Emancipation of Russian Nobility. Princeton, 1973.

Suggested:
Isabelle de Madariaga. Russia in the Age of Catherine the Great. London, 1981.
John Le Donne. The Formation of the Russian Political Order. N.Y., 1991.

3. Russian peasantry.
Required:
Jerome Blum. Lord and Peasant in Russia. pp.575-621.
Teodor Shanin. Russia as a " Developing Society". Vol.1, London, 1985, pp.66-103, 150-174.

Suggested:
Isabelle de Madariaga. Russia in the Age... Robinson G.T. Rural Russia under the Old Regime. Berkeley, 1969.

4. Russian Church and the State. Old Believers.
Required:
Alexander Gerschenkron. Europe in the Russian Mirror. Cambridge, 1970.
Nichols, R.L., Stavrou, T.G. (eds) Russian Orthodoxy Under the Old Regime. Minneapolis., 1978.

Suggested:
Freeze G.L. The Russian Levites. Parish Clergy in the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge, 1977.
Idem. The Parish Clergy in the Nineteenth Century Russia. Princeton, 1983.

5. Russia as an Empire and a European Power.
Required:
Mark Raeff. Understanding Imperial Russia
Barbara Jelavich . St. Petersburg and Moscow. Bloomington, 1974. pp. 1-189.

Suggested:
John Le Donne. The Formation...
Isabelle de Madariaga. Russia in the Age...

6. Russia and the West in Russian political thought.
Required:
Andrzej Walicki. The Slavophile Controversy: History of a Conservative Utopia in Nineteenth-Century Russia. Oxford, 1975.
Nicholas Riasanovski. The Parting of Ways. Oxford, 1976.

Suggested:
Alexander Gerschenkron. Europe in the Russian Mirror.


Topics and literature -- Part II.:

Books to be used as background material for several lectures:
Moshe Levin. The Making of Soviet System. N.Y., 1985.
Alec Nove. An Economic History of the USSR. London, 1969.
Michail Geller, Alexander Nekrich. Utopia in Power. N.Y., 1982.
Lewis H.Siegelbaum. Soviet State and Society Between Revolutions, 1918-1929. Cambridge, 1992.

1. The origins of political radicalism in Russia.
Required:
Teodor von Laue. Why Lenin? Why Stalin? Philadelphia, 1964.
Pipes R. (ed.) The Russian Intelligentsia. N.Y., 1961.

2. The economic and social change in Russia from the 1880's up to 1914. Dilemmas of modernization.
Required:
Haimson L.H.(ed.) The politics of Rural Russia. 1905-1914. Bloomington, 1979.

Suggested:
Teodor von Laue. Why Lenin? Why Stalin?

3. Revolution of 1917. Civil war and War Communism. Retraditionalisation of society.
Required:
Roberts, P.C. War Communism: A Reexamination. Slavic Review, vol.29 (1970), pp.238-261.

Suggested:
Silvana Malle. The Economic Organization of War Communism, 1918-1921. Cambridge, 1985.

4. NEP and its limitations.
Required:
Sheila Fitzpatrick, Alexander Rabinowitch, Richard Stites (eds).Russia in the Era of Nep: Explorations in Soviet Society and Culture. Bloomington, 1991.

Suggested:
Alan M.Ball. Russia's Last Capitalists. The Nepmen, 1921-1929. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1987.

5. Big Leap Forward. Industrialization and Collectivization.
Required:
Robert Conquest. The Harvest of Sorrow. London, 1988.
Sheila Fitzpatrick. The Russian revolution. 1917-1932. Oxford, 1982.

Suggested:
Hughes J.F. The Irkutsk Affair: Stalin, Siberian politics and the End of NEP. Soviet Studies, vol.41 (1989), pp.228-253.

6. Stabilization of 1934-1936. The origins of the Great Purge. New society.
Required:
Nikolas Timasheff . The Great Retreat. N.Y., 1946.
Sheila Fitzpatrick. Stalin and the Making of the New Elite. 1928-1939. Slavic Review, vol.38, Nr.3, 1979.

7. The formation of the USSR. Imperial heritage and novelty.
Required:
Richard Pipes.(ed) The Formation of the Soviet Union: Communism and Nationalism. 1917-1923. N.Y., 1968.



CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: June, 1996

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