Winter Term 1994
Laszlo Kontler
Department of History

Course Description

Rebellion, revolt, civil war, revolution - these terms have been variously applied to a number of decisive upheavals in Europe and its overseas extensions during the 16th to 18th centuries. The course attempts to introduce students into the theoretical literature of the subject (i. e., the debates on the meaning of the above-mentioned categories and the boundaries between the phenomena they describe), but its main emphasis is on the social and political history of four major events that have all been called "revolutions" in early modern times: the Huguenot wars in France, the Dutch war of independence, the English Civil War (or, "Great Rebellion"? or, "Puritan Revolution? ...) and the American War of Independence. Much of recent historiography is concerned with a radical revision of earlier interpretations of these movements. While surveying these controversies, the course also reexamines some familiar questions. To what extent were these "revolutions" triggered off by processes like "the rise of the middle class" or "the growth of state centralisation"? What was the proportion between "the modern" and "the traditional" in them? How far were they animated by factors of religion and patriotism?

(non-mandatory and non-exclusive)

From the Fontana History of Europe:
J. H. Elliott: Europe Divided 1559-1598
Geoffrey Parker: Europe in Crisis 1598-1648
John Stoye: Europe Unfolding 1648-1688

Thomas Munck: Seventeenth Century Europe. MacMillan ,1990 .(esp. ch. 7.)
Perez Zagorin: Rebels and Rulers 1500-1650. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1982.
Yves-Maria Berce: Revolt and Revolution in Early Modern Europe. Manchester, 1987.
Robert Forster, Jack P. Greene (ed.): Preconditions of Revolution in Early Modern Europe. Baltimore, 1970.
Geoffrey Parker, Lesley Smith (ed.): The General Crisis of the Seventeenth Century. Penguin, 1989.

Robin Briggs: Early Modern France 1560-1715. Oxford, 1977.
J. H. M. Salmon: Society in Crisis. 1975.
N. M. Sutherland: The Huguenot Struggle for Recognition. Yale, 1980.
N. M. Sutherland: Princes, Politics and Religion 1547-1589. Hambledon, 1984.

Pieter Geyl: The Revolt of the Netherlands 1555-1609. 1980 (1958)
Geoffrey Parker: The Dutch Revolt. Penguin, 1989.
Jonathan Israel: The Dutch Republic and the Hispanic World 1606-1661. Oxford, 1986.

Christopher Hill: The Century of the Revolution 1603-1714. 2nd ed, Norton, 1982.
Lawrence Stone: The Causes of the English Revolution. Harper and Collins, 1972.
Conrad Russell: The Causes of the English Civil War. Clarendon, 1990.
G. E. Aylmer: Rebellion or Revolution? England 1640-1660. Oxford, 1987.
J. C. D. Clark: Revolution and Rebellion. State and Society in England in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Cambridge, 1986.
W. A. Speck: Reluctant Revolutionaries: Englishmen and the Revolution of 1688. Oxford, 1988.

Charles M. Andrews: The Colonial Background of the American Revolution. Yale, 1958.
J. G. A. Pocock (ed.): Three British Revolutions: 1641, 1688, 1776. Princeton, 1980.
Colin Bonwick: The American Revolution. University Press of Virginia, 1991.
Edmund S. Morgan: The Birth of the Republic 1763-1789. Chicago, 1992 (3rd. ed.)

CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: May, 1996


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