1. Great Schools in Historiography: the origins of Polish historiography; historiography against the background of the socio-political situation and its impact on the formation of historical consciousness; the schools in historiography: the Lvov, Cracow, and Warsaw schools, Jan Rutkowski and his followers, Polish social studies of 1955-1980; the impact of Marxism; the pro-and antiromantic trends. The controversy about the causes of the fall of Poland.
2. Modernization Processes in Poland: the directions and nature of Polish economic development; the role of economic policy of state: the eastern markets discussed; the role of foreign capital; Poland between the two wars: degree of civilization development.
3. To Fight or not to Fight: the insurrections of 1794; the Poles in Napoleonic wars,1816-1848, 1863, 1905; romantics and positivists, the indomitable and the advocates of conciliation (in the past and present).
4. Society: Poland: ruled by the nobility in the l9th century, ruled by peasants in the 20th century?
Underdevelopment of the middle classes; controversy about the intelligentsia: conception of the "leading social class" and the actual position is society of the industrial proletariat.
5. The Jews in Poland: the Jewish community of the Republic; the partitioners' policy with respect to Jews; the situation of Jews and anti-Semitism.
6. The Roads to Independence: the "internationalists" and "social patriots"; the followers of Pilsudski and National Democrats: the present repercussions of ancient divisions; political orientations before World War I. The formation of independent Poland.
7. The System of Poland Between The Two Wars: political system, parties, and groups; the May coup d' etat; was there fascism in Poland? The postwar historiography on the origins of the defeat of September 1939.
8. Two Disasters: War and Peace: the 1st and 17th September, 1939; the situation of Poles during the war; population losses; the (sham) controversy now resolved: the Katyn Forest massacre; the birth of Polish People's Republic: a conquest or social revolution?
9. Polish Culture: variability of frontiers - unity of culture; the main trends in culture, their changes and traditions: culture for the privileged and the national consciousness; was there a cultural development in Polish People's Republic? Poland in Europe, or the center and the outskirts.
10. Escape from Socialism: the origins of resistance (situation of the Church, individual farms, emigration). Social movements: 1956, 1970/71, 1976, 1980/81. Opinions on the events of December 13, 1981. The extreme appraisals of the role of the "working classes".
11. The Old and New Myths: the negative and positive stereotypes; the teaching of history and the propaganda.
Bartoszewski Wladyslaw, Warsaw Death Ring 1939-44, Warsaw 1968 Benes V., N.Pounds, Poland, London 1970
Blejwas Stanislaus A., Realism in Polish Politics: Warsaw positivism and National Survival in Nineteenth Century Poland, New Haven: Yale Con cilium on International and Area Studies, 1984
Brock Petr, Polish Nationalism, N.Y., 1968.
------- , Nationalism and Populism in Partitioned Poland: Selected Essays, London 1973
Bromke Adam, Poland's Politics: Idealism versus Realism, Cambridge, Mass.: Cambridge University Press, 1967
Davies Norman, God's Playground: A History of Poland, vol. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986 (first pbl . 1981)
Dziewanowski Marian Kamil, The Communist Party of Poland. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1959, pp.365, (1976 - last edition)
Brumberg Abraham (ed.), Poland: Genesis of a Revolution. N.Y.: Vintage Books, 1983
Gomulka Stanislaw, Antony Polonsky (eds.), Polish Paradoxes, London, N. Y .: Routledge, 1990 (esp. "The Three Traditions in Polish Patriotism" by Andrzej Walicki)
Leslie R.F., (ed.) The History of Poland since 1863, Cambridge, Mass.: Cambridge University Press, 1980
Halecki Oscar (ed.), A History of Poland, revised ed., London, N.Y.: F.A. Praeger, 1977
Reddaway W.J. (ed.), The Cambridge History of Poland, vol. I-II Cambridge: 1941, 1950
Wandycz Piotr, The Lands of Partitioned Poland, 1795-1918, Seattle, London: University of Washington Press, 1974
Weinryb Bernard, The Jews of Poland, Philadelphia 1973
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