MODERNIZATION IN EASTERN EUROPE.
A MODERN HISTORY OF THE BALKANS AND HISTORY OF RUSSIA
Part II

Winter Term 1995
Stephen Fischer-Galati
University of Colorado, Boulder
Alexej Miller
Institute of Slavonic and Balkan Studies, Moscow
For the Department of History
CENTRAL EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY




Course Description

Part I. Paris Peace Settlement Interwar Central Europe 1919-1933. Fascism in Central Europe
Lecturer: Stephen Fischer Galati

The nature of Central European nationalism. Authoritarianism and extremist trends indigenous roots and external influences. From populism to fascism: common trends and local varieties in the countries of the region. The rise of German influence in Central Europe. Consequences of war and peace - the reorganization of Central Europe as the accomplishment of a long historical process and as the destruction of a historical region. Economic disequilibrium and autarkic systems in Central Europe. "Independent Central Europe": the political systems. Inter-regional conflicts, the Little Entente and new irredentas. The hegemony of the Great Powers over the region.

Course Topics:

1. The Historic Legacies.

2. The Society: Social classes, Minorities

3. Economic Development: Urbanization and industrialization.

4. Political Culture and Ideologies: Religion, Populism, Nationalism, Fascism, Communism, Democracy

5. The Internal Political Experience

6. Small-Power Imperialism.

7. The International Experience.

8. East Central Europe and the Great Powers.

9. Summary and Conclusions.


Readings:
Hugh Seton-Watson, Eastern Europe Between the Wars, 1918-1941.
Joseph Rothschild, East Central Europe Between the Two World Wars.
Bela K. Kiraly et al., Essays on World War I: Total War and Peacemaking, A Case Study on Trianon.
Stephen M. Horak, Eastern European National Minorities, 1919-1980: A Handbook.
Ivan Berend and Gyorgy Ranki, Economic Development in East Central Europe in the 19th and 20th Centuries.
David Mitrany, Marx Against the Peasant.
Peter F. Sugar and Ivo J. Lederer, Nationalism in Eastern Europe.
Peter F. Sugar, Native Fascism in the Successor States.
Josef Korbel, 20th Century Czechoslovakia.
Stephen Fischer Galati, 20th Century Rumania (Second edition).
M.K. Dziewanowski, 20th Century Poland (Second edition)
Jozo Tomasevich, Peasants, Politics, and Economic Change in Yugoslavia.
Henry L. Roberts, Rumania: Political Problems of an Agrarian State.
John D. Bell, Peasants in Power: Alexander Stamboliski and the Bulgarian Agrarian Union.


Part II. The History of Modern Russia (1700 - 1940)
Lecturer: Alexey Miller

The task of the course is to provide the students with an overview of Russian history from the reforms of Peter the Great up to the end of Russian Long Revolution, paying major attention to the social transformation and economic development. What were the specific features and limitations of the modernizing efforts in Russia? How is Russia related to Europe and how this relation was perceived in Russian social and political thought? What were the origins of the growing tension within the Russian society, which resulted in the chain of revolutionary explosions from 1905 until 1930's? Who made Russian Long Revolution on its successive stages? What was the Soviet man and the Soviet society, how they emerged in 1930's after the last revolutionary climax? What was the national problem for the Russian Empire and the USSR? These questions are topical for the course.

The course consists of two parts. The first one deals with the period 1700-1870's, and is organized according to thematical principles. Particular lectures examine the evolution either of certain social groups, or institution, or intellectual discourse during the whole period under consideration. The second part deals with the period of the late l9th and the first four decades of the 20th century. Due to the highly intense and total character of change during this period, the lectures are based on chronological principle

Topics and Literature

Books to be used as background material for several lectures:

Moshe Levin. The Making of Soviet System. N.Y., 1985.
Alec Nove. An Economic History of the USSR. London, 1969.
Michail Geller, Alexander Nekrich. Utopia in Power. N.Y., 1982.
Lewis H.Siegelbaum. Soviet State and Society Between Revolutions, 1918-1929. Cambridge, 1992.

1. The origins of political radicalism in Russia. :
Required:
Teodor von Laue. Why Lenin? Why Stalin? Philadelphia, 1964.
Pipes R. (ed.) The Russian Intelligentsia. N.Y., 1961.

2. The economic and social change in Russia from the 1880's up to 1914. Dilemmas of modernization.
Required:
Haimson L.H.(ed.) The politics of Rural Russia. 1905-1914. Bloomington, 1979.

Suggested:
Teodor von Laue. Why Lenin? Why Stalin?

3. Revolution of 1917. Civil war and War Communism. Retraditionalisation of society.
Required:
Roberts, P.C. War Communism: A Reexamination. Slavic Review, vol.29 (1970), pp.238-261.

Suggested:
Silvana Malle. The Economic Organization of War Communism, 1918- 1921. Cambridge, 1985.

4. NEP and its limitations.
Required:
Sheila Fitzpatrick, Alexander Rabinowitch, Richard Stites (eds).Russia in the Era of Nep: Explorations in Soviet Society and Culture. Bloomington, 1991.

Suggested:
Alan M.Ball. Russia's Last Capitalists. The Nepmen, 1921-1929. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1987.

5. Big Leap Forward Industrialization and Collectivization
Required:
Robert Conquest. The Harvest of Sorrow. London, 1988.
Sheila Fitzpatrick. The Russian revolution. 1917-1932. Oxford, 1982.

Suggested:
Hughes J.F. The Irkutsk Affair: Stalin, Siberian politics and the End of NEP. Soviet Studies, vol.41 (1989), pp.228-253.

6. Stabilization of l934-1936. The origins of the Great Purge. New society.
Required:
Nikolas Timasheff. The Great Retreat. N.Y., 1946.
Sheila Fitzpatrick. Stalin and the Making of the New Elite. 1928-1939. Slavic Review, vol.38, Nr.3, 1979.

7. The formation of the USSE. Imperial heritage and novelty.
Required:
Richard Pipes.(ed) The Formation of the Soviet Union: Communism and Nationalism. 1917-1923. N.Y., 1968.



CRC-Curriculum Resource Center
CEU Budapest, Hungary
Modified: June, 1996

Fis_ModEEBal.W95Hist.v3

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